Paris : Paul Dupont, 1873.
Description : bt, frontis., tp, -58 ; ill.: 1 phot. ; 24 cm.
Photograph : mounted photograph of Pierre-Charles-Alexandre Louis.
Subject : Medical biography — Louis, Pierre-Charles-Alexandre, 1787-1872.
Louis introduced statistical and numerical methods that refuted medical sophistry, notably the "médecine physiologique" of Broussais (GM-1698). This methodology was effectively demonstrated in his atlas, "Recherches anatomico-pathologiques sur la phthisie" for which he conducted 1,960 case analyses and performed 358 dissections (GM-3221). His research into enteric diseases defined the pathology of typhoid and introduced the term "typhoid fever" (GM-5023).
Woillez possessed many gifts. His spirophore conceived in 1854 and perfected in 1875 was the first device for artificial respiration, the prototype of the iron lung. He wrote and executed the engravings for, Archéologie des monuments religieux de l'ancien Beauvoisis pendant la métamorphose romane and he was an amateur musician.