Journal : The journal of mental science ; vols. xix-xxi.
London : J. and A. Churchill, 1873-1876.
Description : v. xix: pp. 222-, 398- ; v. xx: pp. 20-, 167-, 527- ; v. xxi: pp. 18-, 225-, [1 l.] pl. ; ill.: 1 photo. ; 25 cm.
Photograph : 10 heliotype portraits on 1 leaf.
Subject : Brain function — Cognitive & developmental disorders.
The accompanying pictures in heliotype, taken from
original photographs, are sufficiently well-marked to form
typical illustrations of the physiognomy in weak-minded
criminals : —
1. — An Irish pig-driver. Crime — Rape and Manslaughter, with one previous conviction for theft. Remarkable baboon-like expression — a veritable "missing link." Simple mental weakness, with animal propensities.
2. — A habitual criminal. Crime — wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm : twenty-seven previous convictions, mostly for robbery. Gross, violent and brutish. Hopelessly intractable. Emotional exaltation of mind.
3. — Crime — Arson: after seven summary convictions for theft and misdemeanour. Cunning, treacherous and violent. Mental exaltation.
4. — Crime — Larceny : two previous convictions. Fanciful, destructive, and vicious. Ugly, weak countenance : has high notions of his personal attractions; numerous delusive ideas. Delusional exaltation.
5. — Crime — Rape : nine summary convictions for drunkenness and assault. Low-minded, sullen, obstinate, and determined : prison delusions about food and injustice of sentence ; violent and threatening in manner. Delusional exaltation.
6. — One of the " worst of men." Habitual criminal : thief from boyhood. Cunning, quarrelsome, irritating and mischievous, full of cowardly threats. Mental irritability. Emotional exaltation.
7. — Respectable, a casual criminal, a post-letter carrier, convicted of breach of trust. Mind a " prey to black despair." Melancholia with home sickness.
8. — Crime — Burglary, with three previous convictions : most likely the tool of others. A wretched, scrofulous creature; poverty of intellect, and some tendency to irritability and even extravagant fancies. Simple mental weakness.
9. — A boy, almost idiotic : convicted of an unnatural offence. Generally well-behaved in prison. Simple mental weakness.
10. — Crime — Manslaughter : agricultural labourer. Almost a mental " automaton." Lamentably weak, but behaves well usually. Simple mental weakness.