Journal : Transactions of the Congress of American Physicians and Surgeons ; vol. i.
New Haven : Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, 1889.
Description : 184-284 p. [1 l. pl.] ; ill.: 2 phot. figs., 7 engr. figs., ; 24 cm.
Photograph : one leaf with two phototypes of brain specimens.
Photographer : Andrew Jackson Parker (attributed by bibliographer).
Subject : Brain — Cerebral localization.
The photograph captioned, "Delusional Monomaniac," represents the brain of James Burk who was a resident in the insanity department of the Pennsylvania Hospital until 1885 when he perished in a fire which destroyed much of the ward. Both images were previously published in volume 13 of the Journal of nervous and mental disease, illustrating Mills's paper on the comparative morphology of the human brain.
Here the photographs illustrate general remarks found in a section titled, Morphological Peculiarities of the Human Brain, where Mills calls for further study of the anomalies and peculiarities found in the external gyres of lower order brains. The entire opuscule is a tour-de-force bibliography of the nascent science of localization—an annotated panoptic review of the literature beginning with Gall and ending with Hughlings Jackson's search for "discharging lesions" in cases of epilepsy. For a scholar's first foray into nineteenth century brain science, this paper by the "dean of American neurologists" holds the pole position.